Let's Make Robots! | RobotShop

Parallel Mini Gripper Project

AttachmentSize
RobotShop-parallel-mini-gripper-sketchup-2017.zip511.39 KB

Normally robot grippers are designed to be used with specific robot arms or specific robots construction systems. What would it take to make a really inexpensive, but versatile / functional gripper? We decided to give it a try.


Actuator

The actuator normally accounts for most of the price of the gripper, so aside from using a really inexpensive solenoid (simple open/close perhaps), one of the least expensive actuators with feedback is a 9g RC servo. ServoCity / Actobotics has a cute and inexpensive gripper made for Hitec RC’s HS-55 or HS-5055 RC servo. The simplicity is great - only three 2D cut parts. The integrated spur gears on either “finger” means the open and close equally in opposite directions at the same time with only one input.

https://www.robotshop.com/en/micro-gripper-kit-no-servo.html

https://www.robotshop.com/en/hitec-hs55-servo-motor.html


The issue with 9g servos is there’s no second shaft on which to mount the second finger, so Actobotics had to create a third part which doubles as a mounting point. The thickness of the material was perfect for the Hitec servo and only a small washer was needed to get the two fingers at the same height. The gripper is really made for holding small objects, and having an autonomous robot grasp something easily (given the smooth surface) wasn’t proving easy if that object is in a random orientation.


How to (potentially) improve the design then? At $3.50 USD, the least expensive 9g servos we carry are the Feetech 4.8V micro servo and DFRobot’s Micro servo. Although we could have gone with DFRobot’s, Feetech has an identical 7.4V servo (albeit more expensive), so designing for one makes the gripper automatically compatible with the other.


DFRobot Micro Servo Motor ($3.5)

https://www.robotshop.com/en/dfrobot-micro-servo-motor.html

Feetech 4.8V Micro Servo Motor ($3.5)

https://www.robotshop.com/en/9g-micro-servo-motor-4-8v.html

Feetech 7.4V Micro Servo Motor ($6)

https://www.robotshop.com/en/9g-micro-servo-motor.html


Mechanical Design

Rather than a V-style opening / configuration, why not try parallel, but use the same concept of spur gearing, but keeping with a minimalist approach. Inspired by the ServoCity gripper’s use of 2D cut ~3mm thick acrylic sheets, creating a 2D mockup (using Sketchup) and using a laser cutter to cut it out. Nothing in particular dictated the lengths of each segment, but the design included space for foam, which greatly helps when picking up objects.


mini-gripper-cad.jpg mini-gripper-cad-bottom.jpg

parallel-mini-gripper.jpg

2-56 screws and 2-56 lock nuts were used (normal nuts would unscrew themselves with the rotational motion), and the servo’s side mounting holes were threaded into directly.

parallel-robot-mini-gripper.jpg


The maximum width of the opening was not designed but rather the gripper needs to stop when the lock nut touches the arms. A recessed screw would prevent this, but also require additional parts / complexity. The overall dimensions seem proportional to the servo and the objects to be grasped.


The laser cutter is accurate enough to create an internal spline, so one of the arms could be pressed onto the output shaft of the Feetech servo. This took a bit of trial and error since the laser itself has a thickness - the fit needed to be tight but not too much.

gripper-open.jpg

mini-gripper-side.jpg


How does it compare to other mini grippers? There are not many. The closest seems to be ServoCity / Actobotics’ mini gripper kit.

gripper-top-comparison.jpg

mini-gripper-comparison.jpg

So how does it compare to other grippers? Here it is in the bottom left compared to a few other commercial grippers.

gripper-comparison.jpg


Micro Gripper Kit

https://www.robotshop.com/en/micro-gripper-kit-no-servo.html


EZ-Robot Servo Gripper (white and blends in quite well with the background)

https://www.robotshop.com/en/ez-robot-servo-gripper.html


MakeBlock Robot Gripper

https://www.robotshop.com/en/makeblock-robot-gripper.html


Lynxmotion A-Style Gripper

https://www.robotshop.com/en/lynxmotion-a-style-gripper-kit.html

https://www.robotshop.com/en/lynxmotion-a-style-gripper-kit-servo.html


Little Grip Kit

https://www.robotshop.com/en/lynxmotion-little-grip-kit-no-servos.html

https://www.robotshop.com/en/lynxmotion-little-grip-kit.html


What’s next?

The gripper design doesn’t have any particular way to mount it to anything, so perhaps for increased versatility, a rear mount for an additional rotation servo could be added (like the Lynxmotion Little Grip and A-style grippers). If there’s a way to design it to be adaptive that would be great as well.

 

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.

Pretty cool.  I like it.

Can you share your laser cutter files or is this something robotshop will be selling?  It does seem a pretty nifty innovation on the theme.  

 

Appreciated! File uploaded (can be found just below primary image). No plans to sell it for now, and it's not really hard to create. 

The main issue is the fact that the parts were designed (and re-dimensioned) to be cut by one of our in-house laser cutters. 

Will have to try it on the makerspace laser cutter.  I am not sure what the width of that laser is on it.

Thanks for posting it!  

 

Sketchup is really easy to use, so before cutting, you might want to modify the back to it can connect to something. Lucky you with access to a laser! Note that the driven horn / gear doesn't have the spline drawn - Corel was used afterwards to include the more precise spline. If you have any other servo, you'll have to adapt the spline for that servo (which takes some experimentation).

It's a nice project, thanks.

What foam did you use? Do you have any idea what kind of foams are used in the other grippers you presented?

It's the same foam used on the A-style gripper:

https://www.robotshop.com/en/lynxmotion-a-style-gripper-kit.html

It's 1.25" x 0.25" thick weather-resistant, rubber-based black foam with adhesive backing. The density is 5-7 pounds per cubic foot and 5-9psi (firmness).

Not sure about the Little grip kit foam. When it comes to foam though, there's really no exact science - getting the right size and dimensions and having a sticky back is hard enough, then if you have a choice after that, just experiment.